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What 3 types of behaviours are there in pressing after turnovers?

In this week’s article, we will analyse the importance of the team’s own characteristics when losing the ball. Understanding the collective and individual behaviour of players in the moments after the ball is lost is crucial to developing effective recovery strategies. These reactions not only affect immediate ability to win the ball back, but also determine how the team handles transition and prepares for future attacking opportunities.

Collective Behaviours

Teams can adopt three different types of collective behaviours after losing the ball. Each has a specific objective, related to the behavioural principles established within the Game Model.

Intense pressure: When a group, after losing the ball, reduces the distance to the on-ball opponent, pressuring them to prevent the progression of the play and recover the ball or force a mistake. Nearby teammates must accompany the movement of the pressing defender, closing passing lines.

Floating defence: If the team, on losing the ball, does not reduce the space or time of the on-ball opponent, but the players nearby position themselves in passing lines to avoid combinations in progression, we refer to a floating defence. This behaviour is focused on intercepting passes and protecting the areas behind the defenders.

Retreat: When a team prioritises defending space, dropping off the position of the players instead of pressing, we refer to retreating. In this case, the most important thing is to organise the team’s defensive block rather than to win the ball back.


Individual Behaviours

After turnovers, players must consider several micro aspects of their individual behaviour in order to optimise response and recovery. These are some of the most important ones:

Immediate reaction: The time it takes for a player to realise that they have lost the ball and act to get it back, changing quickly from an attacking to a defensive mindset.

Positioning and cover: Positioning effectively to close passing lines, directing the opponent to less dangerous areas or to the sideline and supporting nearby teammates to prevent the opponent from progressing.

Anticipation: Anticipating the opponent’s options with the ball and being alert to intercept or cut off potential passes.

Communication: Synchronise with teammates to organise pressure and cover, informing them of opponents’ movement and possible immediate threats.

Intelligence: Use tactical fouls to stop promising opposition attacks.

Mental resilience: Not getting discouraged by the turnover and maintaining concentration for later recovery.

These micro aspects are fundamental for efficient individual behaviours after the turnover, contributing to the collective success of the team in defensive transition situations.


Understanding and applying the different types of mentality and behaviours after a turnover is essential for any team aspiring to improve its defensive and attacking performance. Collective strategies such as intense pressure, floating defence and dropping off, along with optimising individual behaviours, allow for a quick and effective response that can make a difference in the play.

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